Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein was born at ulm in warltemberg, Germany on March 14th 1879, six weeks later the family moved to Munich where he later on began his schooling at the Luitpold Gymnasium. Later they moved to Italy and Albert continued his education at Aran, Switzerland and in 1896 he entered the Swiss Federal Polutechnic School in Zurich to be trained as a teacher in physics and maths. In 1901, the year he gained his diploma, he acquired Swiss citizenship and as he was unable to find a teaching post, he accepted a position as technical assistant in the Swiss patent office. In 1905, he obtained his doctor’s degree.

During his story at the patent office and in his spare time he produced much of his remarkable work and in 1908, he was approved private dozens in Barne. in 1909, he became professor extra ordinary at Zurich in 1911 professor of theoretical physics at Prague returning to Zurich in the following years to fill a similar post. In 1914, he was appointed as director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical Instituite and Professor in the University of Berlin. He become a German citizen in 1914 and remained in Berlin until 1933. When he reconounced his citizenship for political reasons and emigrated to America to take the position of professor of Theoritical physics at Princeton. He become a United States citizen in 1940 and retired from his post in 1945.

After World War II, Einstein was a leading figure in the world government movement, he was offered the presidency of the state of Israel which he declined and he collaborated with Dr. Chain Weizmann in establishing the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Einstein always appeared to have a clear view of the problem of physics and the determined to solve them. He has a strategy of his own and was able to visualize the main stages on the way of his goals. He regarded his major achievements as mere stepping stones for the next advance. 

At the state of his scientific work, Einstein realized the inadequancies of “Newtonian Mechanism” and his special theory of reality its stemmed from an attempt to reconcile the law of mechanics with the laws of electromagnetic field. He dealt with classical problems of statistical mechanics and problems in which they were merged with “Quantum theory”. This lead to an explaination of the Brownian Movement of molecules. He investigated the thermal properties of light with a low radiation density and his observations laid the foundation of the photon theory of light. 

In his early days in Berlin, Einstein postulated that the correct interpretation of the special theory of relativity must also furnish a theory of gravitation and in 1916, he publish his paper on the “General Theory of Realitivity”. During this time he also contributed to the problems of “therory of radiation and Statistical Mechanics”. 

In 1920’s Einstein embarked on the “construction of Unifed Field Theories”, although he continued to work on the probabilistic Interpretation of Quantum Theory”, and he preserved with this work in America. He contributed to statistical mechanics by his development of the “Quantum Theory of Monoatomic Gas” and he has also accomplished valuable work in connection with “Atomic Transition Probabilities and Relativistic Cosmology”. 

After his retirement he continued to work towards the unification of the basic concepts of physics, taking the opposite approach, geometrisation to the majority of physicists. 

Einstein’s researches are of course well chronicled and his more important works include Spedial Theory of Relativity in 1905, Relativity (English translation, 1920 & 1950), General Theory of Relativity (1916), Investigation on Theory of Browniam Movement in 1926 and the Evolution of Physics in 1938. Among his non-scientific works about Zionism in 1930, Why war? In 1933, My Philosoply in 1934 and Out of my later years in 1950 are perhaps the most important. 

Albert Einstein received honororary doctorate degree in science, medicine and philosoply from many European and American universities. During the 1920’s he lectured in Europe, America, and the far east  and he was awarded fellowships and memberships of all the leading scientific academics through awards on recognition of his work including the “Copley Medal of Royal Society of London” in 1925 and the Franklin Medal of the Franklin Instituite in 1935. 

Einstein’s gifts inevitably resulted in his swelling much in intellectual solitude and for relaxation music played an important part in his life. He married Mileva Maric in 1903 and they had a daughter and two son’s, their marriage was dissolved in 1919 and in the same year he married his cousin Elsa Lowenthal who died in 1936. He died on April 18, 1955 at Princeton, New Jersey, USA.


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